No one has helped the Ukrainian troops with the provision of military equipment as much as the Russian troops. Since the beginning of the war, the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) have captured so many tanks, armored vehicles and artillery installations that their number exceeds the supply of weapons by its allies.
Especially a lot of equipment Ukrainian troops got during the liberation of the Kharkiv region in September. Many tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers were abandoned in working order, others require minor repairs and, upon completion, are quickly brought into battle. Heavily damaged equipment is dismantled for parts. In addition, the fleeing Russian units left entire warehouses with Ukrainians running out of shells for Soviet-made guns.
All these weapons of the Armed Forces of Ukraine will be used during the ongoing counteroffensive, which gives them superiority over the Russian units, writes The Wall Street Journal
“The Russians no longer have the advantage in firepower,” the commander of an artillery battalion on the Kharkov front told the newspaper. “Before the offensive began, we suppressed all their artillery crews, and then moved forward so quickly that they did not even have time to refuel and load their tanks. They just ran and left everything.” According to him, in addition to American equipment, four recently captured 2S19 Msta-S 152-mm self-propelled howitzers and a significant number of shells for them are now in service in his unit.
According to analysts at the Oryx blog, the latest losses, along with weapons that Russian troops left behind in the spring after retreating from Kyiv and northeast Ukraine, make Russia the largest supplier of military equipment for the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Unless the multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) the countries supporting Ukraine gave it more than it seized from Russia.
According to the latest data Oryx, which keeps a count of destroyed, damaged, abandoned and captured equipment, Ukraine captured 436 tanks, 92 self-propelled artillery units (SAU), 452 infantry fighting vehicles, 194 armored personnel carriers and 44 MLRS. Their real number may be higher, since Oryx takes into account only documented (using photos and videos) cases.
Western allies do not supply tanks to Ukraine, but it has received 230 modernized T-72s from Poland and several dozen from the Czech Republic. But from Russia, Ukraine now has the most modern tanks - the T-90. Oryx counted 12 units of the T-90A modification. Also in September, Rob Lee, Senior Fellow at the US Institute for Foreign Policy Studies, posted on his Twitter photos of his latest model, the T-90M, with the comment: “It looks like Ukrainian troops have captured the first Russian T-90M tank.”
October 3 Commander of the 92nd Mechanized Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Pavel Fedosenko tried out T-90 captured near Kupyansk. The video was published by Advisor to the Minister of Internal Affairs Anton Gerashchenko.
October 5 marks the 30th anniversary of the official introduction of the T-90 into service with the Russian army. “Powerful, reliable and unpretentious,” RT characterizes him in the anniversary article. “Unlike Western models, the T-90 is capable of operating in any theater of military operations, in different natural and climatic conditions,” a graduate of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces, reserve major general Vladimir Bogatyrev, told the channel.
Gerashchenko called the T-90 a "luxurious trophy" and wrote:
The tank has already gone into battle today to burn out the orcs with a red-hot iron.
Russia has to increasingly use old equipment, including getting it from warehouses. The Ukrainians are capturing “both modern weaponry that can be used very effectively, and what is already only suitable for a museum,” says Yakub Yanovsky of Oryx.
Russia also seizes Ukrainian equipment. According to Oryx, she got 109 Ukrainian tanks, 15 self-propelled guns, 63 infantry fighting vehicles.
But this is nothing compared to her losses. Entering Izyum, the Karpatskaya Sich battalion captured 10 T-80 tanks and five 152mm 2S5 Hyacinth-S self-propelled guns, deputy commander Ruslan Andriyko told WSJ: “We have so many trophies that we don’t even know what’s with them do. We started out as an infantry battalion, and now we're sort of becoming mechanized."