It was found that 65% of all deaths at workplaces subject to the Serious Accident Punishment Act were subcontractors.
According to the ‘Status of Serious Accidents After Enforcement of the Serious Accident Punishment Act’ submitted by the Ministry of Employment and Labor by Democratic Party lawmaker Jin Seong-joon belonging to the Environment and Labor Committee of the National Assembly, the total number of serious accidents that occurred between January 27 and September 30, when the Act was enacted, was There were 443 cases. 446 people were killed and 110 were injured.
Nearly 7 out of 10 accidents occurred at workplaces not covered by the Serious Accident Punishment Act.
There were 156 accidents (35.2%) at workplaces to which the Serious Accident Punishment Act was applied, and a whopping 287 (64.8%) accidents at workplaces where the law was not to be enforced two years later. Serious accidents occurred 1.8 times more in non-applied small businesses than in applied businesses.
The Serious Accident Punishment Act was applied first to construction sites with 50 or more full-time workers or more than 5 billion won in construction cost in the construction industry from January 27 of this year. The Serious Accident Punishment Act will be applied from January 27, 2024.
The number of deaths was also higher in non-applied workplaces. Of the total 446 deaths, 165 deaths occurred at the applied workplaces and 281 deaths occurred at the non-applied workplaces.
Most of the victims were subcontractors.
In the case of the applied workplace, 107 (65%) of the deaths of subcontractors accounted for 165 deaths. Conversely, in non-applied workplaces, the death toll of workers in the prime contractor was higher at 204 (72.6%). It is presumed that this is because the primary contractor of the non-applied business site is a small business, so there are no subcontractors, or there are many cases where they themselves are subcontractors.
In particular, statistics showed that the government authorities were very passive in applying the Act on the Punishment of Serious Accidents.
In workplaces that did not apply, 124 cases (43.2%) were prosecuted through the Occupational Safety and Health Act, whereas in the case of workplaces to which the Serious Accident Punishment Act was applied, the Ministry of Labor sent only 21 cases (13.5%).
Rep. Jin Seong-jun pointed out, “The death rate of subcontractor workers was high at workplaces where the Serious Accident Punishment Act was applied first, so it was possible to clearly confirm the outsourcing of risks. did.